This paper describes an odorant sensor based on mosquito olfactory receptors (ORs) that is sensitive to the volatile organic compound octenol. The ORs and OR coreceptors were reconstructed in the lipid bilayer membrane in a chamber device equipped with electrodes. Using this odorant sensor, we obtained ion current changes caused by specific OR responses to octenol. We installed the odorant sensor into a mobile robot and succeeded in the demonstration of coupling octenol gas detection and robot actuation. We believe that this biohybrid odorant sensing system will be a key technology for future artificial olfaction.
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