論文

査読有り 本文へのリンクあり
2020年9月15日

Response of the asian summer monsoon precipitation to global warming in a high-resolution global nonhydrostatic model

Journal of Climate
  • Hiroshi G. Takahashi
  • ,
  • Nozomi Kamizawa
  • ,
  • Tomoe Nasuno
  • ,
  • Youhei Yamada
  • ,
  • Chihiro Kodama
  • ,
  • Shiori Sugimoto
  • ,
  • Masaki Satoh

33
18
開始ページ
8147
終了ページ
8164
記述言語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0824.1

Ó 2020 American Meteorological Society This study examined the responses of Asian monsoon precipitation to global warming on the regional scale, focusing on monsoon westerlies and monsoon trough. This is because the Asian monsoon precipitation is closely associated with tropical disturbances. To reproduce convective precipitation and tropical disturbances, this study used outputs of a high-resolution climate simulation. Two sets of approximately 30-yr simulations under present-day (control) and warmer climate conditions (global warming) were conducted by the 14-km Nonhydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM) with explicitly calculated convection. For understanding the spatial pattern of future precipitation changes, a further set of a 5-yr simulation [sea surface temperature (SST) 1 4 K] was also conducted. Overall, the Asian summer monsoon was well simulated by the model. Precipitation increased as a result of global warming along the monsoon trough, which was zonally elongated across northern India, the Indochina Peninsula, and the western North Pacific Ocean. This increased precipitation was likely due to an increase in precipitable water. The spatial pattern of the increased precipitation was associated with enhanced cyclonic circulations over a large area along the monsoon trough, although it was difficult to determine whether the large-scale monsoon westerly was enhanced. This enhancement can be explained by future changes in tropical disturbance activity, including weak tropical cyclones. However, over part of South Asia, circulation changes may not contribute to the increased precipitation, suggesting regional characteristics. The regional increase in precipitation along the monsoon trough was mostly explained by the uniform increase in SST, whereas SST spatial patterns are important over some regions.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0824.1
Scopus
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85090469099&origin=inward 本文へのリンクあり
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ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0824.1
  • ISSN : 0894-8755
  • SCOPUS ID : 85090469099

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