論文

国際誌
2020年11月23日

Polygenic risk scores for late smoking initiation associated with the risk of schizophrenia.

NPJ schizophrenia
  • Kazutaka Ohi
  • ,
  • Daisuke Nishizawa
  • ,
  • Yukimasa Muto
  • ,
  • Shunsuke Sugiyama
  • ,
  • Junko Hasegawa
  • ,
  • Midori Soda
  • ,
  • Kiyoyuki Kitaichi
  • ,
  • Ryota Hashimoto
  • ,
  • Toshiki Shioiri
  • ,
  • Kazutaka Ikeda

6
1
開始ページ
36
終了ページ
36
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1038/s41537-020-00126-z

Patients with schizophrenia display characteristic smoking-related behaviors and genetic correlations between smoking behaviors and schizophrenia have been identified in European individuals. However, the genetic etiology of the association remains to be clarified. The present study investigated transethnic genetic overlaps between European-based smoking behaviors and the risk of Japanese schizophrenia by conducting polygenic risk score (PRS) analyses. Large-scale European genome-wide association study (GWAS) datasets (n = 24,114-74,035) related to four smoking-related intermediate phenotypes [(i) smoking initiation, (ii) age at smoking initiation, (iii) smoking quantity, and (iv) smoking cessation] were utilized as discovery samples. PRSs derived from these discovery GWASs were calculated for 332 Japanese subjects [schizophrenia patients, their unaffected first-degree relatives (FRs), and healthy controls (HCs)] as a target sample. Based on GWASs of European smoking phenotypes, we investigated the effects of PRSs on smoking phenotypes and the risk of schizophrenia in the Japanese population. Of the four smoking-related behaviors, the PRSs for age at smoking initiation in Europeans significantly predicted the age at smoking initiation (R2 = 0.049, p = 0.026) and the PRSs for smoking cessation significantly predicted the smoking cessation (R2 = 0.092, p = 0.027) in Japanese ever-smokers. Furthermore, the PRSs related to age at smoking initiation in Europeans were higher in Japanese schizophrenia patients than in the HCs and those of the FRs were intermediate between those of patients with schizophrenia and those of the HCs (R2 = 0.015, p = 0.015). In our target subjects, patients with schizophrenia had a higher mean age at smoking initiation (p = 0.018) and rate of daily smoking initiation after age 20 years (p = 0.023) compared with the HCs. A total of 60.6% of the patients started to smoke before the onset of schizophrenia. These findings suggest that genetic factors affecting late smoking initiation are associated with the risk of schizophrenia.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41537-020-00126-z
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33230172
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7684279

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