論文

国際誌
2018年6月

Novel practical SNR determination method for MRI using double echo with longest second echo time (DELSET).

The British journal of radiology
  • Naoki Ohno
  • ,
  • Tosiaki Miyati
  • ,
  • Yoshiaki Niwa
  • ,
  • Hirohito Kan
  • ,
  • Shota Ishida
  • ,
  • Harumasa Kasai
  • ,
  • Yuta Shibamoto
  • ,
  • Toshifumi Gabata

91
1086
開始ページ
20170652
終了ページ
20170652
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1259/bjr.20170652

OBJECTIVE: We devised a practical method using double echo with the longest second echo time (DELSET) for simple and accurate signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) measurement of MRIs. METHODS: The DELSET method is based on the double-echo sequence in which the first and second echo times (TE) are set, respectively, as the clinically acceptable time for the signal image and as the longest time for the noise image. The second TE needs to be at least 8 times longer than T2 (for spin-echo) or T2* (for gradient-echo) of the objective tissue. For example, second TE > 560 ms for the case of T2 = 70 ms: the real part of signal intensity theoretically reaches the same order of magnitude as the quantization limit, due to the T2 relaxation process. SNR was calculated by dividing mean signal intensity in the first echo image by signal standard deviation (SD) in the second echo image in identical regions of interest after necessary noise correction. We determined the SNRs of cylindrical phantom images with different coils [quadrature (QD) and array coils] and sequences (spin-echo and spoiled gradient-echo sequences) and compared them between the DELSET and subtraction or background methods. The ratio of the mean signal intensity and SD in the second echo image with QD coil was determined to confirm whether the signal intensity had reached noise level. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the phantom SNRs with both coils and sequences when DELSET was compared with the other two methods (p > 0.05 for all). The ratios of mean signal intensity and SD in the second echo images with both sequences were found to be in general agreement with a theoretical value. It was possible to obtain SNR images of the phantom, brain and abdomen with the DELSET method. CONCLUSION: The DELSET method enables simple and accurate SNR quantification. This practical method is applicable to in vivo parallel imaging. Advances in knowledge: Practical SNR quantification based on the DELSET method is feasible for application in MRI systems used clinically.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20170652
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29565674
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223277

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