MISC

2000年

Avian nephritis virus (ANV) as a new member of the family Astroviridae and construction of infectious ANV cDNA

Journal of Virology
  • T. Imada
  • ,
  • S. Yamaguchi
  • ,
  • M. Mase
  • ,
  • K. Tsukamoto
  • ,
  • M. Kubo
  • ,
  • A. Morooka

74
18
開始ページ
8487
終了ページ
8493
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1128/JVI.74.18.8487-8493.2000

The complete RNA genome of the avian nephritis virus (ANV) associated with acute nephritis in chickens has been molecularly cloned and sequenced. Excluding the poly(A) tail, the genome comprises 6,927 nucleotides and contains three sequential open reading frames (ORFs). The first ORF (ORF 1a) contains a sequence encoding a serine protease motif, and the second ORF (ORF 1b) has a sequence encoding an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. ORF 1a may be linked to the second ORF by a ribosomal frameshifting mechanism. The third ORF (ORF 2) may encode the virion structural proteins as a polyprotein precursor. Two RNAs, probably genonic and subgenonic RNA (7.5 and 3.0 kb), were detected in the cytoplasm of ANV-infected cells. ANV and human astroviruses have the same genonic organization, and both are characterized by the presence of two RNA bands. The amino acid homologies of the products of ORF 1a, 1b, and 2 were 20.3, 41.9, and 25.8% to products of the corresponding ORFs of human astrovirus serotype 1 (A/88 Newcastle strain). We have constructed a genonic-length cDNA clone of ANV to test whether the in vitro transcript is infectious. When a chicken kidney cell culture was transfected with RNA transcribed in vitro and the cDNA clone, infectious virus was produced with cytopathic effects in the absence of trypsin. These observations suggested that the ANV (G-4260 strain) is a new genus of the family Astroviridae.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.74.18.8487-8493.2000
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10954549
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1128/JVI.74.18.8487-8493.2000
  • ISSN : 0022-538X
  • PubMed ID : 10954549
  • SCOPUS ID : 0033851134

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