- TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Anisotropic morphologies and the phase behaviour of a hydrogen-bonded LC polymer obtained by photopolymeriiation in two kinds of LC solvent are discussed. The hydrogen-bonded LC monomer, 4-(6-acryloyloxyhexyloxy) benzoic acid (A6OBA), was photopolymerized in 4-cyano-4'-hexyloxybiphenyl (6OCB) and in 4-cyano-4'-undecyloxybiphenyl (11OCB), which show a nematic phase and a smectic A phase, respectively. After photopolymerization, the LC media were removed by extraction and the pure polymer was observed by scanning electron microscopy. SEM images showed that the polymer possessed fibrous morphology with a fibre diameter of a few micrometers, based on polymerization-induced phase separation. The overall geometries reflected typical LC characteristics such as schlieren and focal-conic fan textures. It was found that the hydrogen bond between benzoic acid groups in the monomer was rigid enough to fix the anisotropic phase-separated structure forming during the early stage of phase separation; however, it could not permanently maintain the fibre structure due to dissociation at elevated temperature. X-ray measurements revealed that a well developed layer structure of the hydrogen-bonded mesogen existed in the polymer obtained from the smectic phase of 11OCB, whereas a polymer layer structure could develop only partially from the nematic phase of 6OCB.
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- DOI : 10.1080/0267829031000120991
- ISSN : 0267-8292
- CiNii Articles ID : 80016022619
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000183955500005