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An acrylate monomer having a cyanobiphenyl mesogen (1) was photopolymerized in a liquid-crystalline (LC) ordering field of 4-hexyloxybenzoic acid (2). A blend of (1) and (2) (molar ratio: 1:4), containing a photoinitiator, an inhibitor and a crosslinker, was irradiated with UV light at 120 and 137 degreesC in order to investigate the effect of an LC phase on the resulting polymer. Here, both temperatures are in the nematic temperature range of the blend, however, the former is in the LC temperature range of the polymer, whereas the latter is in the isotropic temperature range. Scanning electron microscopy of the obtained polymers revealed that the polymer prepared at 120 degreesC consisted of oriented fine fibers, measuring ca. 400 nm in diameter, while that obtained at 137 degreesC had a fused bead-like morphology. In addition, we investigated the effect of crosslinking on the morphology by comparing the results from the blends with and without a crosslinker. We found that the LC phase of the phase-separated polymer is one of the necessary conditions for the formation of the fine fiber structures. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 10
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- DOI : 10.1016/j.polymer.2004.07.013
- ISSN : 0032-3861
- CiNii Articles ID : 80016836940
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000223562900028