論文

査読有り 国際誌
2015年3月

Broader autism phenotype in mothers predicts social responsiveness in young children with autism spectrum disorders.

Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences
  • Chiaki Hasegawa
  • ,
  • Mitsuru Kikuchi
  • ,
  • Yuko Yoshimura
  • ,
  • Hirotoshi Hiraishi
  • ,
  • Toshio Munesue
  • ,
  • Hideo Nakatani
  • ,
  • Haruhiro Higashida
  • ,
  • Minoru Asada
  • ,
  • Manabu Oi
  • ,
  • Yoshio Minabe

69
3
開始ページ
136
終了ページ
44
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1111/pcn.12210

AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify phenotypes in mothers and fathers that are specifically associated with disturbances in reciprocal social interactions and communication in their young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a Japanese sample. METHODS: Autistic traits in parents were evaluated using the Autism-spectrum Quotient (AQ), the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the Systemizing Quotient (SQ) in 88 parents (44 mothers and corresponding fathers) of children with ASD and in 60 parents (30 mothers and corresponding fathers) of typically developing (TD) children. For the measurement of autistic traits in children, we employed the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). RESULTS: In two of the five AQ subscales (social skills and communication), the parents of ASD children scored significantly higher than did the parents of TD children, regardless of whether the parent was a mother or a father. In addition, in mothers of ASD children, there were significant positive correlations between two of the five AQ subscales (attention-switching and communication) and the SRS T-score in their children. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to demonstrate that the social skills and communication subscales in the AQ are more sensitive as autism traits in a Japanese sample and to demonstrate that some autistic traits in mothers are specifically associated with disturbances in the social ability of their young children with ASD, as measured by the SRS score. Further study is necessary to determine whether these results were caused by genetic or environmental factors.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1111/pcn.12210
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24902617
URL
http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/24902617
URL
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1779-0606
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1111/pcn.12210
  • ISSN : 1323-1316
  • ORCIDのPut Code : 25197196
  • PubMed ID : 24902617

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