- KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL
Monoclonal antibodies have been raised against an haustorium-enriched sample prepared from flax leaves infected with the biotrophic flax rust pathogen Melampsora lini. The monoclonal antibodies were produced following conventional and co-immunisation procedures and the range of antibody specificities was compared. The preparation used as immunogen for the conventional protocol was a crude isolate of haustoria consisting of approx. 65% fungal haustoria, the other components being mainly mesophyll cells or cell wall and chloroplast fragments. Following hybridoma production, 40% of positive cell lines produced antibodies that reacted with haustoria and other fungal cells, but 60% bound to plant cells in the infected leaves. For the co-immunisation protocol, the preparation used for immunisation consisted of the crude isolate of haustoria mixed with serum raised against an haustorium-depleted leaf homogenate. In two fusions, 92-94% of the antibodies reacted with fungal cells, including 3 cell lines that localised specifically to the cell wall of haustoria. Only 6-8% of the antibodies produced via co-immunisation reacted with plant cells. The antigens targeted by the three haustorium-specific monoclonal antibodies are incorporated into the wall at early stages of haustorium development, remain in the wall throughout haustorium maturation, and are present in both compatible and incompatible interactions. The epitopes recognised by the monoclonal antibodies are oligosaccharide in nature and the antigens are highly resistant to extraction from the wall. These results highlight the value of the co-immunisation protocol for the production of monoclonal antibodies to specific components in an impure preparation and provide direct evidence for molecular differentiation within the wall of the haustorium of M. lini.
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