- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Dimensional characterizations from rod stars to brushes (PSt-g-HIC-32) with a relatively low degree of polymerization of the main chain have been studied in tetrahydrofuran (THF) at 25 degrees C by employing synchrotron radiation small-angle X-ray scattering, static and dynamic light scatterings, and viscosity measurements. The rod stars and brushes consist of a flexible linear polystyrene (PSt) main chain and 32 n-hexyl isocyanate (HIC) units in each side chain. Eight PSt-g-HIC-32 samples with a weight average degree of polymerization (N-M) of 11-495 of the main chain and a narrow molecular weight distribution (M-w/M-n) of 1.08-1.17 were prepared using a recycling preparative size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) system. The mean-square radius of gyration (< S-2 >), hydrodynamic radius (R-H), and intrinsic viscosity ([eta]) of the stars and brushes were tabulated. The absolute calibration curve obtained in SEC analysis, scattering form factor, and rho (=< S-2 >(1/2)/R-H) parameter indicated a continuous change in the shape from the rod star to rod brush on increasing the aspect ratio of the main chain to the side chain. The N-M dependences of < S-2 >, R-H, and [eta] were consistently and quantitatively described using the current theories based on a wormlike (sphero-) cylinder model by taking into account the effective protruding effects of the side chains near the ends of the main chain.
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