- TAYLOR & FRANCIS AS
To elucidate the possible roles of pectins during the growth of angiosperm pollen, we studied the distribution and changes in the properties of pectin in the pollen grains and tubes of Camellia japonica, Lilium longiflorum. and five other species at different growth stages by immunoelectron microscopy with monoclonal antibodies JIM5, against de-esterified pectin, and JIM7, against esterified pectin. We also studied the localization of arabinogalactan proteins, which are regarded as pectin-binding proteins, with monoclonal antibodies JIM13 and LM2, against arabinogalactan proteins. Similar results were obtained for all species: JIM5 labeled the intine and part of the callose layer in germinated pollen grains, and labeled the outer layer of the tube wall, the Golgi vesicles, and the callose plug in the pollen germinated in vitro, but did not label any part of immature pollen grains. In contrast, JIM7 labeled the intine of both immature and mature pollen grains. labeled the Golgi vesicles around the Golgi bodies, and strongly labeled the outer layer of the cell wall and the Golgi vesicles in the tube tip region. On the other hand, the distribution of arabinogalactan proteins detected with JIM13 was different for each species, and does not suggest a close relationship between pectin and arabinogalactan proteins. LM2 scarcely reacted with the specimens. We discuss the contribution of pectins to tube wall formation and fertilization and deduce a mechanism of callose plug formation.
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