MISC

2003年9月

Constitutional and organizational elements of forensic psychiatry in Japan

CURRENT OPINION IN PSYCHIATRY
  • T Sakuta

16
5
開始ページ
553
終了ページ
557
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1097/01.yco.0000087263.35258.bf
出版者・発行元
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS

Purpose of review Constitutional and organizational elements of forensic psychiatry have recently developed in developed countries. On the other hand, Japan has been dealing with mentally disordered offenders solely by the use of mental health and welfare law. A movement has now started in which the Ministry of Justice is involved. This article will review recent movements in Japan.
Recent findings Mentally disordered offenders in Japan are dealt with by the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Labour. They are admitted to psychiatric hospitals as a result of involuntary admission by the Prefectural Governor. Their discharge is decided solely on the judgement of a designated physician. No probation system exists. Therefore, the vicious cycle of recidivism and rehospitalization is a current problem.
Summary To break the vicious cycle of recidivism and rehospitalization of mentally disordered offenders, a bill concerning psychiatric treatment and probation for persons who have committed serious crimes such as wounding and killing others under conditions of insanity is being discussed in the Japanese parliament. If this bill is passed, the Japanese forensic psychiatry system will have another tool in addition to the mental health and welfare laws.


リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1097/01.yco.0000087263.35258.bf
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000184897800011&DestApp=WOS_CPL