論文

査読有り
2014年8月

In Vitro Analysis of Human Periodontal Microvascular Endothelial Cells

JOURNAL OF PERIODONTOLOGY
  • Mizuki Tsubokawa
  • ,
  • Soh Sato

85
8
開始ページ
1135
終了ページ
1142
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1902/jop.2013.130209
出版者・発行元
AMER ACAD PERIODONTOLOGY

Background: Endothelial cells (ECs) participate in key aspects of vascular biology, such as maintenance of capillary permeability, initiation of coagulation, and regulation of inflammation. According to previous reports, ECs have revealed highly specific characteristics depending on the organs and tissues. However, some reports have described the characteristics of the capillaries formed by human periodontal ECs. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to examine the functional characteristics of the periodontal microvascular ECs in vitro.
Methods: Human periodontal ligament-endothelial cells (HPDL-ECs) and human gingiva-endothelial cells (HG-ECs) were isolated by immunoprecipitation with magnetic beads conjugated to a monoclonal anti-CD31 antibody. The isolated HPDL-ECs and HG-ECs were characterized to definitively demonstrate that these cell cultures represented pure ECs. Human umbilical-vein ECs and human dermal microvascular ECs were used for comparison. These cells were compared according to the proliferation potential, the formation of capillary-like tubes, the transendothelial electric resistance (TEER), and the expression of tight junction proteins.
Results: HPDL-ECs and HG-ECs with characteristic cobblestone monolayer morphology were obtained, as determined by light microscopy at confluence. Furthermore, the HPDL-ECs and HG-ECs expressed the EC markers platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (also known as CD31), von Willebrand factor, and Ulex europaeus agglutinin 1, and the cells stained strongly positive for CD31 and CD309. In addition, the HPDL-ECs and HG-ECs were observed to form capillary-like tubes, and they demonstrated uptake of acetylated low-density lipoprotein. Functional analyses of the HPDL-ECs and HG-ECs showed that, compared to the control cells, tube formation persisted for only a brief period of time, and TEER was substantially reduced at confluence. Furthermore, the cells exhibited delocalization of zonula occludens-1 and occludin at cell-cell contact sites.
Conclusions: The present results provide new evidence that HPDL-ECs and HG-ECs have characteristics of fenestrated capillaries. Therefore, capillaries in human periodontal tissues have functional characteristics of fenestrated capillaries, which might be related to the onset and the progression of systemic diseases and inflammation.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 5

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2013.130209
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000341580100020&DestApp=WOS_CPL