In this study, black disease infecting fairy shrimps, Streptocephalus sirindhornae Sanoamuang, Murugan, Weekers & Dumont, and Branchinella thailandensis Sanoamuang, Saengphan & Murugan, in Thailand, was investigated. The typical signs of the disease are the appearance of black spots on the cuticle, located mainly on the dorsal side and thoracopods. A number of rod-shaped bacteria aggregated in the black spots and were visualized by scanning electron microscopy. The histopathological results showed that a haemocytic response to the infection resulted in a dense melanized core of bacteria. In addition, generalized septicaemia by rod-shaped bacteria was also observed in the infected tissue. Of the 31 isolates, Aeromonas spp. were predominantly isolated and six strains were selected for the experimental infections. The most pathogenic strain was identified molecularly as A. hydrophila. When fairy shrimp were infected at bacterial concentrations of 10(4) and 10(6) cfu mL(-1), the overall infection levels were 73.33 +/- 6.67% and 93.33 +/- 6.67%, respectively. The experimentally infected fairy shrimp showed abnormal swimming and died within 24-48 h after the appearance of the dark pigment.
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- DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2011.01314.x
- ISSN : 0140-7775
- eISSN : 1365-2761
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000297505800003