- SOC GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY
The relationship between chemical structure and biological activity of the lipid A from Porphyromonas gingivalis, which we recently isolated and whose complete chemical structure was determined [Kumada et al. (1995). J. Bacteriol 177, 2098-2106], was studied. The lipid A exhibited endotoxic activity in all the assay systems tested: Limulus gelation activity, lethal toxicity in galactosamine-sensitised mice. mitogenicity in mouse spleen cells and induction of nitric oxide (NO) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF) release from both mouse peritoneal macrophages and the J774-1 mouse macrophagelike cell line. The activity was, however, about 100-fold less than that of Salmonella minnesota LPS used as a control. The moderate activity of the lipid A may be partially explained by its unique fatty acid composition and the lack of a phosphate group in position 4'. In contrast, the lipid A as well as whole LPS of P. gingivalis unexpectedly exhibited an even stronger induction of TNF from the human monocytic THP-1 cell line than control LPS when measured by the minimum stimulatory dose. The difference in sensitivity of human and mouse cells to P. gingivalis lipid A suggests that the recognition mechanism, including that for the receptor for endotoxin, may be regulated in different ways in the two cells.
Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 24
Web of Science ® の 関連論文(Related Records®)ビュー