- ACADEMIC PRESS INC JNL-COMP SUBSCRIPTIONS
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) suffers extensive damage from the environment, however, the enzymes involved in the repair of mtDNA are still unknown. Here, we partially purified mitochondrial endonuclease G (Endo G) from the bovine heart, and examined the action of Endo G; on damaged DNA, Treatment of DNA with L-ascorbic acid or peplomycin, that introduces single-strand breaks through active oxygen radicals, greatly enhanced the susceptibility to nucleolytic attacks from Endo Gr, The enzyme cleaved at or near sites where single-strand breaks were present in the opposite strand, Cisplatin-mediated DNA damage, which causes intrastrand crosslinks between adjacent guanine residues, also facilitated Endo G digestion, indicating that the enzyme can recognize local distortions in the duplex DNA introduced by adducts, These nucleolytic properties of Endo G in vitro suggest its possible involvement in the maintenance of mtDNA by eliminating defective genomes from the multicopy pool. (C) 1997 Academic Press.
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