論文

査読有り
2018年2月1日

Individual and combined effects of fluoranthene, phenanthrene, mannitol and sulfuric acid on marigold (Calendula officinalis)

Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
  • Wahdatullah Khpalwak
  • ,
  • Sherif M. Abdel-dayem
  • ,
  • Hiroshi Sakugawa

148
開始ページ
834
終了ページ
841
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.11.065
出版者・発行元
Academic Press

A study was conducted to characterize marigold stress response to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (oxidative stress inducers) with and without sulfuric acid (S.Acid
pH 3) (acid-stress inducer), and to evaluate reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activity of mannitol (Mann). Marigold (Calendula officinalis) seedlings were grown in a greenhouse and fumigated with fluoranthene (FLU), phenanthrene (PHE), Mann, and S.Acid individually and in various combinations for 40 days. Various physiological and biochemical parameters among others were analyzed using standard methods. The results revealed that fumigation of FLU induced oxidative stress to the plants via ROS generation leading to negative effects on photosynthesis at near saturating irradiance (Amax), stomatal conductance (Gs), internal carbon dioxide concentration (Ci), leaf water relations and chlorophyll pigments. Significant per cent inhibition of Amax (54%), Gs (86%) and Ci (32%), as well as per cent reductions in chlorophyll a (Chl.a) (33%), Chl.b (34%), and total chlorophyll (Tot. Chl) (48%) contents were recorded in FLU fumigated treatment in comparison to control. Combination of Mann with FLU scavenged the generated ROS and substantially lowered the oxidative stress on the plants hence all the measured parameters were not significantly different from control. PHE fumigation had varied effects on marigold plants and was not as deleterious as FLU. Combined fumigation of S.Acid with both the PAHs had significant negative effect on leaf water relations, and positive effect on fresh and turgid weight of the plants but had no effect on the other measured parameters. The lowest proline contents and highest catalase and ascorbate peroxidase activities in FLU fumigated plants further confirmed that oxidative stress was imposed via the generation of ROS. From the results, it is evident that Mann could be an efficient scavenger of ROS-generated by FLU in the marigold plants. We recommend Mann to be widely used for the protection of higher plants from FLU-generated stress in the urban areas.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.11.065
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29197798

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