- KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL
We previously established an experimental model of tumor progression using a weakly malignant rat mammary carcinoma cell line, ER-1. Using this model, we demonstrated that ER-1 cells converted into highly tumorigenic and metastatic cells, ERpP, by s.c. co-inoculation with plastic plates, We here compared in vitro biological properties associated with malignancy of ER-1 cells with those of ERpP cells which were highly malignant when inoculated into syngeneic rats. In vitro growth rate of ERpP cells was higher than that of ER-1 cells under a low nutrient condition. Invasion capacity of ERpP cells to rat lung endothelial cell monolayer or reconstituted basement membrane, Matrigel, was higher than that of ER-1 cells, Migration of ERpP cells toward fibronectin or laminin was also significantly higher than that of ER-1 cells. There was no difference in gelatinolytic or plasminogen activator activity detected in conditioned media between ER-1 and ERpP cells, Furthermore, we found that ER-1 cells communicated better among themselves and with normal fibroblasts through gap junctions compared to ERpP cells. These results suggest that growth advantage in a poor nutrient condition, enhancement of cell motility, and loss or decrease of junctional communication may be associated with tumor progression of ER-1 cells. (C) 1998 Lippincott-Raven Publishers.
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- DOI : 10.1023/A:1006505211766
- ISSN : 0262-0898
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000072949700010