MISC

2015年3月

The Autism-Spectrum Quotient in university students: Pattern of changes in its scores and associated factors

ASIA-PACIFIC PSYCHIATRY
  • Noriko Kitazoe
  • ,
  • Shimpei Inoue
  • ,
  • Yuji Izumoto
  • ,
  • Naoko Kumagai
  • ,
  • Yasumasa Iwasaki

7
1
開始ページ
105
終了ページ
112
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1111/appy.12094
出版者・発行元
WILEY-BLACKWELL

IntroductionSupport to university students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is becoming increasingly important. To determine the validity of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) for ASD screening of university students, we conducted longitudinal measurements of the AQ in a large sample of university students and investigated the possibility of changes in the AQ and associated factors.
MethodsThe AQ, University Personality Inventory (UPI), and the willingness of the students to be interviewed were determined at admission in students from four departments of Kochi University; the AQ was determined again in the second year. Changes in the AQ and associated factors were analyzed statistically.
ResultsThe number of valid responses in the initial survey was 3427 (87.2%). The AQ was significantly higher in the group with high UPI scores (F=156.08, P<0.001). Of the 486 students interviewed at admission, 22 had suspected ASD. The sensitivity/specificity of the AQ for ASD was 81.8%/92.0%. A total of 319 (11.0%) students responded to the second-year survey, which revealed significant decrease of the AQ in the group with high AQ values at admission.
DiscussionThe AQ measured at admission was correlated with the UPI score, regardless of the sex or department; in the second survey, the scores decreased significantly in those with high AQ values at admission, suggesting that an unstable mental state can produce a temporary increase of the AQ scores.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 3

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1111/appy.12094
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000349981000013&DestApp=WOS_CPL

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