- ALAKEN, INC
Pedicellarial lectins (SUL-I, SUL-II, and TGL-I) were purified from the toxopneustid sea urchins, Toxopneustes pileolus and Tripneustes gratilla using gel filtration chromatography, affinity chromatography, and reverse-phase HPLC. SUL-I (Nakagawa et al., 1996) and SUL-II from the large globiferous pedicellariae of T. pileolus are D-galactose-binding lectins with molecular masses of 32 kDa and 23 kDa, respectively; while TGL-I from the globiferous pedicellariae of T. gratilla is a Ca2+-independent heparin-binding lectin with a molecular mass of 23 kDa. SUL-I induced mitogenic stimulation on murine splenocytes but TGL-I did not. At higher dose ranges SUL-I exhibited inhibitory effects on the cells. The dual response to SUL-I was effectively inhibited by D-galactose. SUL-I enhanced norepinephrine-induced contraction of isolated rat mesenteric artery with endothelium. When endothelium was removed from the artery, acetylcholine did not relax the norepinephrine-induced contraction. In the same artery the enhancing effect of the contraction by SUL-I was abolished, suggesting that SUL-I acts on the endothelium of mesenteric artery, and may release prostanoids. The present results suggest an extracellular function for SUL-I that may have wide-ranging effects in physiological processes. The primary role of pedicellarial lectins from T. pileolus and T. gratilla might be defense against a foreign body.
Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 10
Web of Science ® の 関連論文(Related Records®)ビュー
- ISSN : 1058-8108
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000083518700001