- FEDERATION AMER SOC EXP BIOL
Granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) inhibits Fas-induced apoptosis of nentrophils. However, the exact step in the apoptotic pathway blocked by GM-CSF remained unclear. Here, we found that pretreatment of neutrophils with GM-CSF inhibits the recruitment of Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) to Fas, abolishing the formation of the death-inducing signaling complex required for Fas-induced apoptosis. Two-dimensional electrophoresis revealed that GM-CSF modifies the ratio of FADD subspecies. These GM-CSF-triggered changes were abrogated, and Fas-induced apoptosis was restored by an inhibitor of classical protein kinase C (PKC), Go6976, and by the combination of a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K) inhibitor, LY294002, and an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)1, PD98059. Go6976 blocked GM-CSF-elicited phosphorylation of Akt/PKB and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2. These results indicated that GM-CSF suppresses Fas-induced neutrophil apoptosis by inhibiting FADD binding to Fas, through redundant actions of PI-3K and MEK1-ERK1/2 pathways downstream of classical PKC.
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