- AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
The transcriptional coactivator Yes-associated protein (YAP) has been implicated in tumorigenesis by regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis. YAP interacts with the transcription factor TEAD and is essential in mediating TEAD-dependent gene expression. Here we show that YAP is hyperphosphorylated and activated in response to genotoxic stress such as UV irradiation and cisplatin treatment. Using high resolution mobility shift assay for phosphorylated proteins, we identified multiple sites of phosphorylation induced by UV irradiation. Pretreatment with p38 and JNK inhibitors completely suppressed the mobility retardation of phosphorylated YAP in UV-irradiated cells. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments showed that the physical interaction of YAP with TEAD was markedly enhanced by UV irradiation or CDDP treatment but suppressed by pretreatment with p38 and JNK inhibitors. Similarly, pretreatment with p38 and JNK inhibitors suppressed the expression of YAP/TEAD target genes, which were elevated on exposure to genotoxic stress. Using phosphomimetic and phosphorylation-deficient YAP mutants, we showed that the coactivator activity of YAP correlated with its state of phosphorylation and sensitivity to cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Our results demonstrate that multisite phosphorylation of YAP induces YAP/TEAD-dependent gene expression and provides a mechanism by which YAP regulates apoptosis differently depending on cellular context.
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