- ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
We developed a ratmodel of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) by removing amaxillary molar tooth (M1) from ovariectomized rats after treatment with alendronate. To mimic periodontitis, some of the rats were administered Porphyromonas gingivalis (p. gingivalis) at the M1 site every 2 to 3 d for 2 wk. Rats pretreated with alendronate plus p. gingivalis showed delayed healing of socket epithelia, periosteal reaction of alveolar bone formation and lower bone mineral density in the alveolus above adjacent M2 teeth. These abnormalities were prevented by tooth socket exposure to 20 min/d low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), which restored diminished expression of RANKL, Bcl-2, IL-6, Hsp70, NF-kappa B and TNF-alpha messenger ribonucleic acids in remote bone marrow, suggesting LIPUS prevented development of BRONJ-like pathophysiology in rat by inducing systemic responses for regeneration, in addition to accelerating local healing. Non-invasive treatment by LIPUS, as well as low-level laser therapy, may be useful for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw patients. (E-mail: email@example.com) (C) 2019 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. All rights reserved.
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