MISC

査読有り
2017年

Effects of Inhalation Aromatherapy on Symptoms of Sleep Disturbance in the Elderly with Dementia

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  • Ai Takeda
  • ,
  • Emiko Watanuki
  • ,
  • Sachiyo Koyama

担当区分
責任著者
2017
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
7
DOI
10.1155/2017/1902807
出版者・発行元
Hindawi Limited

This study investigated the effects of inhalation aromatherapy on sleep disturbance in elderly individuals with dementia. In 19 subjects, normal sleep was observed for a 20-day control period, inhalation aromatherapy was then applied for a 20-day intervention period, and the control and intervention periods were compared. During the intervention period, essential oils were placed nightly on towels around the subjects’ pillows. The measured sleep conditions were sleep latency, total sleep time, sleep efficacy, duration of the longest sustained sleep period, wake time after sleep onset, early morning awakening, total daytime sleep, and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Total sleep time was significantly longer in the intervention period than in the control period (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M1"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:mn fontstyle="italic">0.05</mml:mn></mml:math>). The duration of the longest sustained sleep period was significantly longer in the intervention period than in the control period (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M2"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:mn fontstyle="italic">0.05</mml:mn></mml:math>). Early morning awakening in the intervention period was significantly less compared to that in the control period (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M3"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:mn fontstyle="italic">0.05</mml:mn></mml:math>). Total daytime sleep could not be adequately measured and was omitted from the analysis. No significant differences in other sleep conditions were observed. These results indicated positive effects of inhalation aromatherapy on symptoms of sleep disturbance in elderly individuals with dementia.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1902807
URL
http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2017/1902807.pdf
URL
http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2017/1902807.xml

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