- W B SAUNDERS CO
Substitutions deduced by direct sequencing in the interferon-sensitivity- determining region (ISDR) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) are related to patients' responses to interferon (IFN), but sequencing is time consuming and results are only for the dominant virus, We developed a rapid method to detect such changes. With serum from 50 patients with chronic hepatitis C (genotype 1b) given IFN-alpha, a way to detect changes in ISDR by hybridization with oligonucleotide probes that had a prototype nucleotide sequence of HCV-J was established. Hybridization intensity was expressed as optical density (ODNS5A) The method was checked with serum from 100 more patients. In the study of 50 patients, all 21 with the prototype sequences had a high ODNS5A (greater than or equal to0.4), and all 8 patients with a mutant-type sequence had low values (less than or equal to0.2). Twelve (95% confidence interval, 36-81%) of 20 patients with ODNS5A Of <0.4 and 2 (1%-22%) of 30 patients with ODNS5A <greater than or equal to>0.4 had complete responses (CR), All nine (66%-100%) patients with ODNS5A <0.4 and little HCV RNA (<100 kIU/mL) had CR, but none (0%-14%) of the 24 patients with high values from both predictors had CR, In the study of 100 patients, ODNS5A and the HCV RNA level were independent predictors of the effects of IFN. By multivariate analysis, the odds ratio for a CR in patients with ODNS5A of greater than or equal to0.4 was 0.015 (0.001-0.190) compared with the other patients (P = .001). In conclusion, our method should be useful in identification of prototype strains, which generally resist IFN therapy.
Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 14
Web of Science ® の 関連論文(Related Records®)ビュー