- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Dialyzed and freeze-dried egg white (FDEW) was dry-heated at 120 degrees C for up to 6 h. The inhibiting effects of the dry-heated egg white (DHEW) on the heat aggregation and coagulation of egg white (as 10% FDEW solution) and characteristics of the DHEW were examined. From the changes in turbidities and soluble protein contents of supernatant in various mixtures of 10% FDEW and DHEW solutions induced by heating (60 degrees C, 5 min), it was found that the inhibiting capacity increased with increases in the dry-heating time (DHT). The FDEW proteins were denatured with a mild conformational change (not secondary but tertiary structure) with the increase in DHT and aggregated partially. However, the more transparent solutions of DHEW containing soluble aggregates according to DHT were also obtained after heating. The transparency according to DHT came to be scarcely affected by the NaCl concentration and the dilution with diluents containing SDS, urea, and 2-mercaptoethanol. These findings suggest that the heat aggregations and coagulations of ovotransferrin and lysozyme in the FDEW were inhibited by their bindings with the soluble aggregates in DHEW.
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