MISC

2000年

Identification of insertion and deletion genes in Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus variants isolated from Galleria mellonella, Spodoptera exigua, Spodoptera litura and Xestia c-nigrum

Virus Genes
  • T. Yanase
  • ,
  • Y. Hashimoto
  • ,
  • T. Kawarabata

21
3
開始ページ
167
終了ページ
177
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1023/A:1008183329145

The genomic DNA of four Autographa californica multinucleocapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) variants isolated from Galleria mellonella, Spodoptera exigua, Spodoptera litura and Xestia c-nigrum was analyzed in comparison with the AcMNPV E2 strain. Restriction endonuclease analysis revealed a deletion and an insertion in collinear regions of the four variants. Polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that, in the four variants, the deletion occurred in the region corresponding to AcMNPV C6 ORF86 (pnk/pnl). Also the insertion, with a length of approximately 1.1 kb, was commonly identified in the fragments corresponding to the PstI-J fragment (18.5 m.u.-21.2 m.u.) of AcMNPV E2. Sequencing analysis of the variant from S. litura showed that the insertion contains an additional open reading frame encoding 322 amino acids between homologues of AcMNPV ORF30 and ORF31 (the superoxide dismutase gene). This ORF has 82.8% amino acid identity to Bombyx mori NPV T3 ORF 22 (bro-a, one of the baculovirus repeated ORFs) and thus, it was named Splt-bro-a. Southern blot hybridization study indicated that the other three variants also contain Splt-bro-a homologue. In addition, the labeled Splt-bro-a gene weakly hybridized to the PstI-D fragment (99.0 m.u.-8.0 m.u.) of AcMNPV E2. This fragment contains AcMNPV ORF2, a member of bro family. The signal was also observed on the corresponding fragment of the four variants. This result suggested that two bro genes are present in the four variants, although AcMNPV E2 and C6 are known to contain a single bro gene.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008183329145
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11129632

エクスポート
BibTeX RIS