J-GLOBAL         Last updated: Nov 16, 2019 at 15:45
Former Institution / Organization Chiba University Faculty of Engineering Department of Electronics and Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering Department of Electronics and Mechanical Engineering
Job title

Research Areas


Academic & Professional Experience

Oct 2019
Director, Center for Aerial Intelligent Vehicles (CAIV)
Apr 2003
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University
Professor,china University
Nov 2002
Mar 2007
PI, PRESTO Project & Adjunct Scientist, PRESTO, Japan Agency of Science and Technology (JST)
Apr 2000
Mar 2003
Senior Scientist, Information Technology Center, RIKEN
  Senior Research Scientist,
Apr 1998
Mar 2000
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology
  Research Assistant, Nagoya Institute of Technology
Apr 1993
Aug 1997
Researcher (Postdoc), Kawachi Milibioflight Project (ERATO), Japan Agency of Science and Technology (JST)
Apr 1992
Mar 1993
Postdoc Researcher, Ship Research Institute


Apr 1989
Mar 1992
PhD in Naval Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University
Architecture Engineering, Engineering School, Yokohama National University, Gradual School
Apr 1987
Mar 1989
Master in Naval Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Yahokama National University
Sep 1981
Jun 1985
Department of Applied Mechanics, Dalian University of Technology
Applied Mechanics, Faculty of Engineering, Dalian University of Technology(DUT)

Committee Memberships

JSME  Member of Administrator Committee, Bioengineering division, JSME2001-2003

Awards & Honors

Sep 2019
Fluid-structure interaction enhances the aerodynamic performance of flapping wings: a computational study, 2018 JBSE Papers & Graphics of the Year Award, Journal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering
Winner: Toshiyuki NAKATA, Ryusuke NODA, Hao Liu
Cell migration guided by a groove with branches, 2017 JBSE Papers & Graphics of the Year Award, Journal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering
2015 JACM Computational Mechanics Award, JACM Computational Mechanics Award, JACM
Ground Effect in Fruit Fly Hovering: A Three-dimensional Computational Study, JBSE Graphics of the Year Award, Journal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering
Passive Dynamic Stability of a Hovering Fruit Fly: a Comparison between Linear and Nonlinear Methods, JBSE Papers of the Year Award, Journal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering

Published Papers

Low Reynolds number aerodynamics of leading-edge and trailing-edge hinged control surfaces: Part I Statics
Ashim Panta · Alex Fisher · Abdulghani Mohamed · Matthew Marino · Hao Liu · Simon Watkins
Aerospace Science and Technology   in press   Nov 2019   [Refereed]
Modulation of flight muscle recruitment and wing rotation enables hummingbirds to mitigate aerial roll perturbations
S. Ravi, R. Noda, S. Gagliardi, D. Kolomenskiy, S. Combes, H. Liu, A. Biewener, N. Konow.
Current Biology   S0960-9822(19)31464-2   Nov 2019   [Refereed]
Development of Mixed Flow Fans with Bio-Inspired Grooves
J. Wang, T. Nakata, H. Liu
Biomimetics   4(72) doi:10.3390/biomimetics4040072   Oct 2019   [Refereed]
On the energetics and stability of a minimal fish school.
G. Li, D. Kolomenskiy, H. Liu, B. Thiria and R. Godoy-Diana
PlosONE   DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.02152   Aug 2019   [Refereed]
Impact of ductus arteriosus constriction and restrictive foramen ovale on global hemodynamics for term fetuses with d-TGA
X. Zhang, H. Haneishi, H. Liu
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering   Jul 2019   [Refereed]
Multi-scale modeling of the cardiovascular system for infants, children and adolescents under normal and abnormal conditions
X. Zhang, H. Haneishi, H. Liu
Computers in Biology and Medicine   108 200-212   Jun 2019   [Refereed]
Wing morphology and inertial properties of bumblebees
D. Kolomenskiy, S. Ravi, R. Xu, K. Ueyama, T. Jakobi, T. Engels, T. Nakata, J. Sesterhenn, M. Farge, K. Schneider, R. Onishi, H. Liu
Journal of Aero Aqua Bio-mechanisms   8(1) 41-47   May 2019   [Refereed]
On the interference of vorticity and pressure fields of a minimal fish school
G. Li, D. Kolomenskiy, H. Liu, B. Thiria and R. Godoy-Diana
Journal of Aero Aqua Bio-mechanisms.   8(1) 27-33   May 2019   [Refereed]
The dynamics of passive feathering rotation in hovering flight of bumblebees
D. Kolomenskiy, S. Ravi, R. Xu, K. Ueyama, T. Jakobi, T. Engels, T. Nakata, J. Sesterhenn, M. Farge, K. Schneider, R. Onishi, H. Liu
Journal of Fluid and Structure,   May 2019   [Refereed]
Asymmetric thrust generation of dolphin in maximum high-speed swimming
H. Tanaka, G. Li, Y. Uchida, M. Nakamura, T. Ikeda, H. Liu
PlosONE   https://   Apr 2019   [Refereed]
Flow instability may not closely correlate with the rupture of cerebral aneurysms at the internal carotid artery
L. Xu, F. Liang, L. Gu, H. Liu
Journal of Biomechanics   Jan 2019   [Refereed]
Computational fluid dynamic study of different length of coronary artery bypass grafting in a native coronary stenosis model
Matsuura K, Jin WW, Liu H, Matsumiya G
Journal of Thoracic Disease.   doi: 10.21037/jtd.2019.01.35.   Jan 2019   [Refereed]
Orientation effects of the of bicuspid aortic valve and stenosis on aortic hemodynamics: a computational study
T. Fujiwara, K. Sughimoto, A. Baker, F. Liang, H. Liu
Journal of Biomechanical Engiineering and Science   DOI:10.1299/jbse.18-00417. 201   Dec 2018   [Refereed]
Biomimetic Design Inspired Sharkskin Denticles and Modeling of Diffuser for Fluid Control
M. Miyazaki, Y. Hirai. H. Moriya, M. Shimomura, A. Miyauchi, H. Liu
Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology.   31(1) 133-138   Nov 2018   [Refereed]
A Versatile Reduced-Order Model of Leading-Edge Vortices on Rotary Wings.
D. Chen, D. Kolomenskiy, R. Onishi, H. Liu
Physical Review Fluids   3 114703   Nov 2018   [Refereed]
Bees with attitude: the effect of gusts on flight dynamics
T. Jakobi, Dm. Kolomensky, T. Ikeda, S. Watkins, A. Fisher, H. Liu, S. Ravi
Biology Open   doi: 10.1242/bio.034074   Nov 2018   [Refereed]
Biomimetic riblets inspired by sharkskin denticles: digitizing, modeling and flow simulation
M. Miyazaki, Y. Hirai. H. Moriya, M. Shimomura, A. Miyauchi, H. Liu
Journal of Bionic Engineering   15(6) 999-1011   Nov 2018   [Refereed]
Lijian Xu, Lijian Xu, Fuyou Liang, Fuyou Liang, Fuyou Liang, Bing Zhao, Jieqing Wan, Hao Liu
Computers in Biology and Medicine   101 51-60   Oct 2018   [Refereed]
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd The variation of blood flow waveform in the internal carotid artery (ICA) with age is a well-documented hemodynamic phenomenon, but little is known about how such variation affects the characteristics of blood flow in aneurysms...
Teruaki Ikeda, Teruaki Ikeda, Hiroto Tanaka, Ryosuke Yoshimura, Ryosuke Yoshimura, Ryusuke Noda, Takeo Fujii, Takeo Fujii, Hao Liu, Hao Liu
Renewable Energy   125 155-165   Sep 2018   [Refereed]
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Inspired by bird wings that enable robust aerodynamic force production and stable flight, we propose a biomimetic blade design for small wind turbines that is capable of achieving a high integral power coefficient, Cp, over a b...
Chen Rao, Chen Rao, Hao Liu, Hao Liu
Bioinspiration and Biomimetics   13    Jul 2018   [Refereed]
© 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd. Owls are a master to achieve silent flight in gliding and flapping flights under natural turbulent environments owing to their unique wing morphologies. While the leading-edge serrations are recently revealed, as a passi...


Shigeru Sunada, Hao Liu, Hao Liu, Hiroshi Tokutake, Daisuke Kubo
Handbook of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles   1329-1358   Jan 2015   [Refereed][Invited]
© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015. MAVs (micro air vehicles), with a maximal dimension of 15 cm and nominal flight speeds around 10 m/s, operate in a Reynolds number regime of 105 or lower, the same as that of most natural flyers, i...
Hao Liu, Xiaolan Wang, Toshiyuki Nakata, Kazuyuki Yoshida
2012 ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering, CME 2012 Proceedings   657-662   Oct 2012   [Refereed][Invited]
Inspired by novel mechanisms in insect and bird flights, in particular, the clap-and-fling mechanism associated with the aerodynamic force enhancement owing to the wing-wing interaction, we developed a prototype flapping micro air vehicle (fMAV), ...
Learn from insect and bird flights
109(1049) 265-268   2006   [Invited]
Hao Wang, Hao Liu, Lijiang Zeng
Proceedings of the 2005 SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics   1225-1231   Dec 2005   [Refereed]
The manuscript here addresses two applications of the optical method named fringe pattern projection technique to the measurements on the kinematic parameters of free moving animals. The techniques are based on the optical triangular method combin...

Books etc

Biomechanics and Biomimetics in flying and swimming”in”Industry Biomimetics
H. Liu, T. Nakata, G. Li, D. Kolomenskiy (Part:Joint Work, Chapter 3, 54 pages)
Pan Stanford Publishing (in press)   2018   
Particle Method Simulation of Thrombus Formation in Fontan Route
K. Tsubota, K. Sughimoto, K. Okauchi, H. Liu (Part:Joint Work, pp. 387-396)
Springer International Publishing   2016   
LIU HAO (Part:Joint Work, Chapter 4, section 4)
Tokai University Press   2016   
飛躍するドローン—マルチ回転翼型無人航空機の開発と応用研究、海外動向、リスク対策まで—: 超小型飛行体
LIU HAO (Part:Joint Work, Chaoter 1, Section 3)
NTS Publication   2015   
LIU HAO (Part:Joint Work, Chapter 2, Section 19)
Technical Information Institute   2014   
An Introduction to Flapping Wing Aerodynamics
W. Shyy, H. Aono, C. Kang, H. Liu, (Part:Joint Work, 297 pages)
Cambridge University Press   2013   
Handbook of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: DEVELOPMENT OF INSECT-SIZED MAVS,
S. Sunada, H. Liu. Tokutake, D. Kubo (Part:Joint Work, Chapter 9, 30 pages)
Springer   2013   
Autonomous Control Systems and Vehicles: Aerodynamics and Flight Stability of Bio-inspired Flapping-Wing Micro Air Vehicles
H. Liu, X. Wang, T. Nakata, K. Yoshida (Part:Joint Work, Chapter 10, 8 pages)
Springer Tokyo   2012   
Biological Fluid Mechanics: Flight and Swimming
LIU HAO (Part:Joint Work, Chapter 6, Chapter 8)
Asakura Publishing   2012   
次世代バイオミメティクス研究の最前線: 生物の飛行に学ぶ
LIU HAO (Part:Joint Work, Chapter 2, Section 6)
CMC Publishing   2011   

Conference Activities & Talks

Structural flexibility-based passive mechanisms can enhance stability and robustness in flapping flights [Invited]
ICRA2020 - Workshop on Flapping Flight Robotics   5 Jul 2020   
Robust strategies in owl silent flight: aerodynamic force production and noise suppression [Invited]
Chen Rao, Toshiyuki Nakata, and Hao Liu
SICB 2020 Annual Meeting   8 Jan 2020   
Multi-mechanical Interactions in bio-inspired flight systems: from insect flights to micro air vehicle [Invited]
nternational Symposium on Smart Aircraft 2019   26 Oct 2019   
Insect-inspired innovation for micro-and nano-flight systems: opportunities and challenges [Invited]
10th International Conference of the Chinese Society of Micro-Nano Technology (CSMNT2019)   14 Oct 2019   
Bioinspiration of Bio-inspired Flight Systems in Micro Aerial Vehicles [Invited]
The 6th International Conference of Bionic Engineering (ICBE2019)   25 Sep 2019   
Owl wings could hold the key to noiseless drones [Invited]
The 19th Chitose International Forum of Photonics Science and Technology (CIF19)   22 Oct 2018   
Passive mechanisms in bio-inspired flight systems: flexibility and robustness [Invited]
Workshop on Fluid-Structure Interaction, Canberra, Australia,   8 May 2018   
Robustness Strategies for Bio-inspired Flying Robots. Biomimetics: Learning from Nature for an Innovative Future [Invited]
JSPS Japanese-German Symposium, Frankfurt, German   20 Apr 2018   
Robustness strategies in bio-inspired flight systems: morphology, dynamics and flight control [Invited]
Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication VIII, SPIE Smart Structures/ NDE Symposium, Denver, USA   7 Mar 2018   
Passive heat stress-induced thermoregulation in the cardiovascular system: an integrated model [Invited]
5TH SWITZERLAND-JAPAN WORKSHOP ON BIOMECHANICS SJB 2017, Zermatt, Switzerland   15 Sep 2017   

Research Grants & Projects

An Integrated study of insect-inspired flight robustness: kinematics, mechanics and control
Project Year: Apr 2019 - Mar 2022    Investigator(s): LIU HAO
Exploration of A-based Weather Observation Methodology
Project Year: Nov 2018 - Mar 2020    Investigator(s): LIU HAO
Development of Bio-inspired Flexible Robust Rotary Wings
JST: Tough Robotics Challenge - Impulsing Paradigm Change through Disruptive Technologies Program
Project Year: Oct 2016 - Mar 2019    Investigator(s): LIU HAO
Bioinspired Mechanical Systems
JSPS: Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas
Project Year: Apr 2012 - Mar 2017    Investigator(s): LIU HAO
Japan-German Seminar on New Treatment Options for Heart Disease due to Simulation
Project Year: Apr 2011 - Mar 2012    Investigator(s): LIU HAO
Optimization of low Reynolds number flapping flights for insect-inspired flying robots
Project Year: Apr 2009 - Mar 2012    Investigator(s): LIU HAO
Physiom Simulation - Systematic Circulation Integrated Simulation
JST: Development of Integrated Simulation of Living Matter software
Project Year: Apr 2007 - Mar 2012    Investigator(s): LIU HAO
A study on dynamic stability in flapping flight
JSPS: KAKEN, Grand-in-Aid for Scientific Research
Project Year: Apr 2006 - Mar 2008    Investigator(s): LIU HAO
Development of a Multi-Scale Biomechanical Simulator of Circulation System
JSPS: KIBAN (B), Grand-in-Aid for Scientific Research
Project Year: Apr 2005 - Mar 2008    Investigator(s): LIU HAO
A Biology-inspired Dynamic Flight Simulator
Project Year: Apr 2002 - Mar 2006    Investigator(s): LIU HAO


特願US patent15310533 : Rotor
Hao Liu, Takeo Fujii, Ryosuke Yoshimura
特許US Patent 14416354 : Rotor
H Liu, T Fujii
特許Canadian Patent 2880177 : Rotor
H. Liu, T. Fujii

Social Contribution

Lessons from Insects: Biomimetics and Bioinspired Engineering for Disruptive Innovation
[TV or radio appearance, Lecturer]  SONY  Advanced Technology Seminar  14 Nov 2019 - 14 Nov 2019
Robustness strategy in bio-inspired flight systems: passive and active mechanisms
[Lecturer]  The City University of Hong Kong  3 Jun 2019 - 3 Jun 2019
Next-generation Robotics inspired by Birds and Insects
[Interviewee, Media coverage cooperation, Informant]  Asashi  Scientific door  3 Jun 2019 - 3 Jun 2019
昆虫に学ぶ生物規範工学シリーズ ① 「昆虫の羽ばたきがものづくりを変える :バイオミメティックスの最新動向」
[TV or radio appearance, Lecturer]  17 Feb 2018
昆虫の羽ばたきが社会を変える ~ 活発化するバイオミメティクス研究の最新動向 ~
[Lecturer, Informant]  11 Oct 2017
TBS, EARTH Lab −次の100年を考える−“千葉大学教授・劉浩—ハチドリ型飛行ロボット
[TV or radio appearance, Media coverage cooperation]  TBS  9 Sep 2015
[Media coverage cooperation]  19 Jun 2014
[Panelist, Media coverage cooperation, Demonstrator]  9 Nov 2013
[Media coverage cooperation, Informant]  日刊工業新聞  日刊工業新聞  3 Oct 2013
[Media coverage cooperation, Informant]  朝日新聞  朝日新聞  23 Aug 2013


Oct 2019   Researchgate
Oct 2019   Google Scholar