論文

2009年12月

Prolonged local persistence of cisplatin-loaded gelatin microspheres and their chemoembolic anti-cancer effect in rabbits

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY
  • Shinichi Ohta
  • ,
  • Norihisa Nitta
  • ,
  • Akinaga Sonoda
  • ,
  • Ayumi Seko
  • ,
  • Toyohiko Tanaka
  • ,
  • Masashi Takahashi
  • ,
  • Shizuki Takemura
  • ,
  • Yasuhiko Tabata
  • ,
  • Kiyoshi Murata

72
3
開始ページ
534
終了ページ
540
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.ejrad.2008.07.030
出版者・発行元
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD

Purpose: To confirm prolonged cisplatin release from drug-loaded gelatin microspheres (GMSs) and their improved chemoembolic anti-cancer effect against VX2 liver tumors in rabbits.
Materials and methods: Two groups of twelve rabbits each were treated intraarterially either with 2 mg/kg cisplatin-loaded GMSs (=0.04 mg/kg cisplatin) or 0.04 mg/kg cisplatin solution by administering them into the right renal artery. Platinum concentrations within the renal parenchyma were analyzed immediately following infusion (day 0) and on days 1, 3, and 7 using the atomic absorption method. In a second experiment four groups of five rabbits each with implanted VX2 liver tumors were treated intraarterially through the hepatic artery with the following drugs: 2 mg/kg cisplatin-loaded GMSs (=0.04 mg/kg cisplatin) (group 1), 2 mg/kg GMSs without any drug (group 11), 1.5 mg/kg cisplatin solution (group 111) and saline (group IV). Tumor volumes were analyzed pre-injection and 7 days after with MR] allowing calculating the relative tumor growth rate (%). Degree of liver cell necrosis was assessed on the histopathological specimens.
Results: The renal parenchymal platinum concentrations (mu g/ml) with 4.51 +/- 2.25 (day 0), 1.59 +/- 0.70 (day 1), 0.72 +/- 0.10 (day 3) and 0.20 +/- 0.06 (day 7) were significantly more pronounced after cisplatin-loaded GMS on days one and three compared to cisplatin with 1.99 +/- 0.55, 0.08 +/- 0.03, 0.18 +/- 0.01 and 0.10 +/- 0.07, respectively. Relative tumor growth rates resulted in 84.5% +/- 26.4 (group 1); 241.4% +/- 145.1 (11); 331.9% +/- 72.2 (111), and 413.6% +/- 103.6 (IV) with statistical significant differences between groups I and III, and groups I and IV. Similar degrees of necrosis were observed in both GMSs treated groups, while ballooning of hepatocytes was highest in cisplatin-loaded GMSs.
Conclusions: With cisplatin-loaded GMSs more pronounced and prolonged local parenchymal cisplatin concentrations may be achieved offering the advantage of an increased and prolonged anti-cancer effect compared to cisplatin alone or controls. Moreover this proves indirectly the breakdown and release of cisplatin from the GMSs which is of primary importance for drug delivery systems. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 12

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2008.07.030
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000273081800026&DestApp=WOS_CPL

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