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This study was designed to evaluate the effect of estrus synchronization treatments on recipient heifers for embryo transfer (ET). Holstein heifers were separated into the following three groups: (i) an administration of 50 mu g GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone) analog was given to heifers at a random stage of the estrus cycle, followed 7 days later by two administrations of 7.5 mg prostaglandin F2 alfa analog (PG) as control; (ii) another administration of 100 mu g GnRH was given to the control group at 48 h after the administration of PG as the second GnRH group; and (iii) an administration of 0.75 mg estradiol benzoate (E2) was given to the control group at 24 h after the administration of PG as the E2 group. Each method caused estrus synchronization. Fresh embryos were nonsurgically transferred into the suitable recipients that had a functional corpora lutea (CL) 7 days after estrus. The E2 group showed a significantly higher (P < 0.01) rate of estrus synchronization (98.9%) at 13 days after PG administration and the final pregnancy rate of the E2 group (50.6%) was also significantly higher than the other groups (37.1%, P < 0.05 and 30.9%, P < 0.01, respectively). These findings demonstrate that E2 administration 24 h after PG protocol is effective for estrus synchronization of Holstein heifers, thus improving the productivity of ET.
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