論文

査読有り
2017年

Grand design spiral arms in a young forming circumstellar disk .

Memorie della Societa Astronomica Italiana

We study formation and long-term evolution of a circumstellar disk using a resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulation. While the formed circumstellar disk is initially small, it grows as accretion continues and its radius becomes as large as 200 AUs toward the end of the Class-I phase. A pair of grand-design spiral arms form due to gravitational instability in the disk, and they transfer angular momentum. Although the spiral arms disappear in a few rotations, new spiral arms form recurrently throughout the Class-0 and I phases as the disk soon becomes unstable again by gas accretion. Using synthetic observation, we compare our model with a recent high-resolution observation of Elias 2-27, whose circumstellar disk has grand design spiral arms, and find good agreement. Our model suggests that the grand design spiral arms around Elias 2-27 are consistent with material arms formed by gravitational instability. If such spiral arms commonly exist in young circumstellar disks, it implies that young circumstellar disks are considerably massive and gravitational instability is the key process of angular momentum transport....

リンク情報
URL
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3127-5982