- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Stress induces various responses, including translational suppression and tRNA degradation in mammals. Previously, we showed that heat stress induces degradation of initiator tRNA(Met) (iMet) through 5'-3' exoribonuclease Xrn1 and Xrn2, respectively. In addition, we found that rapamycin inhibits the degradation of iMet under heat stress conditions. Here, we report that the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) regulates the diffusion of Xrn2 from the nucleolus to the nucleoplasm, facilitating the degradation of iMet under conditions of heat stress. Our results suggest a mechanism of translational suppression through mTOR-regulated iMet degradation in mammalian cells. (C) 2014 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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