論文

査読有り 国際誌
2019年9月

Human TIGIT on porcine aortic endothelial cells suppresses xenogeneic macrophage-mediated cytotoxicity.

Immunobiology
  • Yuki Noguchi
  • ,
  • Akira Maeda
  • ,
  • Pei-Chi Lo
  • ,
  • Chihiro Takakura
  • ,
  • Tomoko Haneda
  • ,
  • Tasuku Kodama
  • ,
  • Tomohisa Yoneyama
  • ,
  • Chiyoshi Toyama
  • ,
  • Yuko Tazuke
  • ,
  • Hiroomi Okuyama
  • ,
  • Shuji Miyagawa

224
5
開始ページ
605
終了ページ
613
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1016/j.imbio.2019.07.008

PURPOSE: The delayed rejection caused by strong cell-mediated innate and adaptive xenogeneic immune responses continues to be a major obstacle. Therefore, suppressing macrophage function could be effective in avoiding this type of rejection. In this study, the suppression of T-cell immunoglobulin and ITIM domain (TIGIT) function against macrophage-mediated xenogeneic rejection was investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Naïve porcine aortic endothelial cell (PAEC) and PAEC transfectant with TIGIT (PAEC/TIGIT) were co-cultured with M1 macrophages, and the degree of cytotoxicity was determined by a counting beads assay. The anti/pro-inflammatory gene expression was determined by RT-PCR and the phosphorylated SHP-1 in the macrophages after co-culturing with PAEC or PAEC/TIGIT was evaluated by western blotting. RESULTS: CD155 was expressed at essentially equal levels on both M1 and M2 macrophages, whereas TIGIT was highly expressed on M2 macrophages but not in M1 macrophages. TIGIT on PAEC significantly reduced the cytotoxicity of M1 macrophages but no significant suppression of phagocytosis was detected. TIGIT also caused a decrease in the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, namely TNFα, IL-1β and IL-12 in M1 macrophages. Furthermore, PAEC/TIGIT caused a significant increase in phosphorylated SHP-1 in M1 macrophages compared to PAEC. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study indicate that TIGIT suppresses xenogeneic M1 macrophage-induced cytotoxicity, probably at least in part, via the phosphorylation of SHP-1. In addition, the reduced expression of some pro-inflammatory cytokines, namely TNFα, IL-1β and IL-12, was observed in M1 macrophages that had been cultured with PAEC/TIGIT.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imbio.2019.07.008
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31402149

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