論文

国際誌
2020年7月22日

Eating Fast Is Associated with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Men But Not in Women with Type 2 Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Nutrients
  • Fuyuko Takahashi
  • ,
  • Yoshitaka Hashimoto
  • ,
  • Rena Kawano
  • ,
  • Ayumi Kaji
  • ,
  • Ryosuke Sakai
  • ,
  • Yuka Kawate
  • ,
  • Takuro Okamura
  • ,
  • Emi Ushigome
  • ,
  • Noriyuki Kitagawa
  • ,
  • Saori Majima
  • ,
  • Takafumi Sennmaru
  • ,
  • Hiroshi Okada
  • ,
  • Naoko Nakanishi
  • ,
  • Masahide Hamaguchi
  • ,
  • Mai Asano
  • ,
  • Masahiro Yamazaki
  • ,
  • Michiaki Fukui

12
8
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.3390/nu12082174

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), often complicated by type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), is reported to be associated with diet habits, including eating speed, in the general population. However, the association between eating speed and NAFLD in patients with T2DM, especially sex difference, has not been reported so far. This cross-sectional study included 149 men and 159 women with T2DM. Eating speed was evaluated by a self-reported questionnaire and divided into three groups: fast, moderate, and slow eating. Nutrition status was evaluated by a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. NAFLD was defined as the hepatic steatosis index ≥36 points. Body mass index and carbohydrate/fiber intake in the fast-eating group were higher than those in the slow-eating group in men, whereas this difference was absent in women. In men, compared with eating slowly, eating fast had an elevated risk of the presence of NAFLD after adjusting for covariates (odds ratio (OR) 4.48, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09-18.5, p = 0.038). In women, this risk was not found, but fiber intake was found to be negatively associated with the presence of NAFLD (OR 0.85, 95% Cl 0.76-0.96, p = 0.010). This study indicates that eating speed is associated with the presence of NAFLD in men but not in women.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082174
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32707957
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7468737

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