- BRILL ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS
This paper explores the Ottoman Empire's guarantee of religious privileges for non Muslims made in 1853 and the struggles that occurred thereafter, between Muslim state officials and Armenian elites. It argues that the guarantee of religious privileges, which prepared a new set of terminology-that is, "privileges," "religion," and "politics"-for discussing the scope of the jurisdiction to be granted to the non Muslims' religious authorities, represented a shift in how the empire approached non-Muslims. Muslim officials aimed to circumscribe the jurisdiction of non-Muslims and place them under the state's control by emphasizing the "religiousness" of the privileges. To do so, they also displayed a decided tendency to bypass the religious authority by using lay non-Muslim elites as intermediaries. The Armenian elites, for their part, strategically chose their attitudes toward the distinction of "religious" and "nonreligious" (or "political"), thus managing to protect, to a certain extent, the scope of the religious authority's jurisdiction.
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- DOI : 10.1163/15685209-12341403
- ISSN : 0022-4995
- eISSN : 1568-5209
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000373650300003