論文

査読有り
2006年10月

Lipopolysaccharide stimulates histamine-forming enzyme (histidine decarboxylase) activity in murine dental pulp and gingiva

ARCHIVES OF ORAL BIOLOGY
  • Noriaki Shoji
  • ,
  • Atsushi Yoshida
  • ,
  • Zhiqian Yu
  • ,
  • Yasuo Endo
  • ,
  • Takashi Sasano

51
10
開始ページ
856
終了ページ
860
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.archoralbio.2006.04.004
出版者・発行元
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD

To examine the potential role of the histamine-forming enzyme, histidine decarboxylase (HDC), in oral inflammation and disease, we studied HDC activity in oral tissue after induction by bacterial agents. Following injection of E. coli-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into mice, we measured the quantitative changes in HDC activity over time in dental pulp and gingiva. Oral tissue taken from individual mice was insufficient for detecting precise HDC activity, thus, we combined dental pulp or gingival tissues from four mice and assayed them over the course of 24 h. Our results indicate that LPS stimulated marked elevations of HDC activity in dental pulp and gingiva. This increase reached a maximum at 6 h after LPS injection and remained detectable at for least 24 h. Since mast cells are known to produce histamine through a difference mechanism than HDC induction, we compared LPS-induced HDC activity in dental pulp and gingiva to that in ear skin (a tissue rich in mast cells) and liver (a tissues tacking in mast cells). LPS also induced a marked increase in the HDC activity in liver and ear skin at 6 h after LPS injection. By contrast, saline injection had no effect on the HDC activity in any of the four tissues, although basal levels of HDC activity in ear skin was markedly higher than basal HDC activity in the other three kinds of tissues. Stilt, the relative increase in LPS-induced HDC activity in dental pulp and gingiva were much greater than that in ear skin. Since liver are devoid of mast cells and ear skin is considered the tissue richest in mast cells, the differences in HDC activity between tissues indicates that histamine induced by LPS may be produced by cells other than mast cells through another mechanism of action. These results also suggest that histamine produced in oral tissues in response to bacterial agents such as LPS could be involved in development of pulpitis or gingivitis (periodontitis), the most common diseases in the dental clinic, and that efforts to inhibit HDC activity, which elevates histamine levels in oral tissues, might offer the basis for novel treatment strategies. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 12

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2006.04.004
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000241292400005&DestApp=WOS_CPL

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