- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Previously we reported that 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR) mediates epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG)-induced cell growth inhibition and reduction of myosin regulatory light chain (MRLC) phosphorylation at Thr-18/Ser-19, which is important for cytokinesis. Here, we found that human colon adenocarcinoma Caco-2 cells exhibited higher expression level of 67LR and EGCG at a physiologically achievable concentration (1 mu M) significantly accumulated the cells in G(2)/M phase without affecting expression of Wnt-signaling components. We also found that myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1) phosphorylation at Thr-696, which inhibits myosin phosphatase and Promotes MRLC phosphorylation, was reduced in response to 1 mu M EGCG. 67LR knockdown by RNA interference abolished the inhibitory effects of 1 mu M EGCG on cell cycle progression and the phosphorylation of MRLC and MYPT1. These results suggest that through 67LR, EGCG at a physiological concentration can activate myosin phosphatase by reducing MYPT1 phosphorylation and that may be involved in EGCG-induced cell growth inhibition. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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