- OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Electron-transferring flavoprotein (ETF) from the anaerobic bacterium Megasphaera elsdenii is a heterodimer containing two FAD cofactors. Isolated ETF contains only one FAD molecule, FAD-1, because the other, FAD-2, is lost during purification. FAD-2 is recovered by adding FAD to the isolated ETF. The two FAD molecules in holoETF were characterized using NADH. Spectrophotometric titration of isolated ETF with NADH showed a two-electron reduction of FAD-1 according to a monophasic profile indicating that FAD-1 receives electrons from NADH without involvement of FAD-2. When holoETF was titrated with NADH, FAD-2 was reduced to an anionic semiquinone and then was fully reduced before the reduction of FAD-1. The midpoint potential values at pH 7 were +81, -136 and -279 mV for the reduction of oxidized FAD-2 to semiquinone, semiquinone to the fully reduced FAD-2 and the two-electron reduction of FAD-1, respectively. Both FAD-1 and FAD-2 in holoETF were reduced by excess NADH very rapidly. The reduction of FAD-2 was slowed by replacement of FAD-1 with 8-cyano-FAD indicating that FAD-2 receives electrons from FAD-1 but not from NADH directly. The present results suggest that FAD-2 is the counterpart of the FAD in human ETF, which contains one FAD and one AMP.
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