- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Levodopa-induced psychosis may seriously threaten the ability of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) to continue leading an independent life. A retrospective assessment of the therapeutic effects of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) pallidotomy on the activities of daily living (ADL) of seven PD patients presenting with mild or moderate degrees of psychosis was carried out. Their scores according to the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) Part I-2 (maximum = 4) were 2 or 3 (mean +/- SD = 2.4 +/- 0.5). Bilateral procedure was needed in 5 out of 7 patients to obtain sufficient improvement of motor symptoms. At 3 months after surgery, UPDRS part III motor scores in the 'off' state were significantly decreased and motor fluctuations were abolished. Nevertheless, their score of Schwab and England (S-E) ADL scale scores responded poorly to the surgery, while the scores in other 12 patients without psychosis was significantly improved after pallidotomy. The data indicate that GPi pallidotomy ameliorates the motor symptoms in patients with drug-induced psychosis (DIP), but has no significant impact on their consequent daily activities. A regression model for all 19 patients who underwent pallidotomy revealed that postoperative S-E scale was affected by the preoperative UPDRS Part I-2 rather than by Part III motor score. The present study suggested that DIP, even if its degree is not severe, may be a limiting factor of the therapeutic potential of pallidotomy in patients with PD. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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