To evaluate the effects of cryopreservation and in vitro fertilization (IVF) on genotypic frequencies in mouse colonies, genotypic frequencies at 15 biochemical, 4 immunological and 20 microsatellite loci were examined in three colonies of MCH (ICR) mice derived from noncryopreserved embryos obtained by natural mating without the induction of superovulation, cryopreserved embryos obtained by natural mating with the induction of superovulation, and cryopreserved embryos obtained by the induction of superovulation and IVF. Three (Pgm-1, Ldr-1 and Hbb) out of the 15 biochemical loci, two (Thy-1 and H2K) out of four immunological loci and five (D5Mit18, D6Mit15, D12Mit5, D13Mit26, and D14Mit7) out of 20 microsatellite loci that showed polymorphisms in every colony were used for detection of genotypic frequencies. The genotypic frequencies of the loci in the three colonies did not differ from the predicted genotypic frequencies (P > 0.05). The results suggested that genetic drift does not occur among colonies established from treated and untreated embryos, and it was clear that the embryo banking by cryopreservation is suitable for preservation of outbred stock without genetic drift.
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