MISC

2006年6月

Inhibitory effects of lutein on endotoxin-induced uveitis in Lewis rats

INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE
  • XH Jin
  • ,
  • K Ohgami
  • ,
  • K Shiratori
  • ,
  • Y Suzuki
  • ,
  • T Hirano
  • ,
  • Y Koyama
  • ,
  • K Yoshida
  • ,
  • Ilieva, I
  • ,
  • K Iseki
  • ,
  • S Ohno

47
6
開始ページ
2562
終了ページ
2568
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1167/iovs.05-1429
出版者・発行元
ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC

PURPOSE. Lutein deposits in the macula and lens of human eyes with high concentration and is well known as an eye-protective nutrient for its beneficial effects on eye disease such as age-related macular degeneration and cataract. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of lutein on endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in rats.
METHODS. EIU was induced in male Lewis rats by subcutaneous injection of 200 mu g lipopolysaccharide. Lutein or dexamethasone was administered intravenously at 30 minutes before, at the same time as, and at 30 minutes after LPS treatment. The aqueous humor was collected at 24 hours after LPS injection, the number of infiltrating cells, the protein concentration, and the levels of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6, prostaglandin (PG)-E2, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2 in the aqueous humor were determined. Immunohistochemical staining with a monoclonal antibody against activated nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B was performed to evaluate the effect of lutein on NF-kappa B activation in the iris-ciliary body (ICB) of rats. A mouse macrophage cell line (RAW264.7 cells) was stimulated with LPS, in the presence or absence of lutein. Expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and degradation of inhibitor kappa B (I kappa B) were analyzed by Western blot analysis.
RESULTS. Lutein suppressed the development of EIU in a dose-dependent fashion. The anti-inflammatory effect of 100 mg/kg lutein was as strong as that of I mg/kg dexamethasone. Treatment with lutein reduced the concentrations of NO, TNF-alpha, IL-6, PGE2, MCP-1, and MIP-2 in aqueous humor. Lutein also suppressed the activation of NF-kappa B in the ICB as well as iNOS and COX-2 expression and I kappa B degradation in RAW cells. C
CONCLUSIONS. These findings indicate that lutein has anti-inflammatory effects on EIU by inhibiting the NF-kappa B dependent signaling pathway and the subsequent production of proinflammatory mediators.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 84

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.05-1429
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000237949000041&DestApp=WOS_CPL

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