- SPANDIDOS PUBL LTD
Prostate cancer antigen-1 (PCA-1)/ALKBH3 has been recently identified in human prostate cancer and its expression is correlated with disease progression and prognosis. However, the precise role and function of PCA-1/ALKBH3 in human malignancies are largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the clinical significance and therapeutic potential of PCA-1/ALKBH3 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). PCA-1/ALKBH3 expression was examined by immunohistochemistry in 101 RCC patients who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy. Its expression was positively correlated with advanced pathological T- and M-factors and TNM stage (T, P<0.05; M, P<0.01; TNM, P<0.01, respectively). In the prognostic analysis, PCA-1/ALKBH3-negative patients with RCC had a significantly better prognosis than PCA-1/ALKBH3-positive patients (5-year survival rate, 92.9 vs. 75.9%, respectively; P<0.05). Next, the therapeutic potential of targeting PCA-1/ALKBH3 was further evaluated by small interfering RNA method using a human RCC cell line (CAKI-1). We found that PCA-1/ALKBH3 knockdown significantly inhibited the growth of CAKI-1 cells compared with the control (P<0.001). Furthermore, knockdown of PCA-1 induced apoptosis in CAKI-1 cells, as assessed by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-cleavage assays. We demonstrated for the first time that PCA-1/ALKBH3 expression has a significant prognostic impact on patient prognosis in RCC. Furthermore, its knockdown has a therapeutic efficacy on RCC. Taken together, both our clinical and experimental data strongly suggest that PCA-1/ALKBH3 may be functionally important and a novel molecular target for human RCC.
Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 11
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