- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Macrophages (Mo) and dendritic cells (DC) are thought to be targets of measles virus (MeV) at the early stage of infection. We compared the growth of Edmonston-derived vaccine strains and fresh clinical isolates of MeV in monocytes, monocyte-derived granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-induced Mo (GM-MO) and in monocyte-derived DC (Mo-DC). Neither vaccine strains nor fresh isolates thrived in monocytes and GM-Mo and no differences were evident among them. On the other hand, infectious virus production was robust in Mo-DC infected with fresh isolates, but below the limits of detection in those infected with vaccine strains. Although the vaccine strains infected Mo-DC and replicated comparably with the fresh isolates, they accumulated far less matrix (M) protein. This was attributed to a difference in the stability of M protein produced in Mo-DC between the strains. Impaired production of infectious viruses in DC may be one cause of vaccine strain attenuation. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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- DOI : 10.1016/j.virusres.2006.07.006
- ISSN : 0168-1702
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000243743900001