Infrared (IR) and vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra of chiral camphor, camphorquinone and camphor-10-sulfonic acid (CSA), known as standard compounds for electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy, are measured and their vibrational frequencies, infrared intensities, and rotational strengths are calculated using density functional theory (DFT). The observed IR and VCD spectra of chiral camphor and camphorquinone in carbon tetrachloride solution are reproduced by the DFT calculations, but those of CSA are not. DFT calculations of hydration models, where an anionic CSA specifically binds a few water molecules, are carried out. The average of the simulated VCD spectra in the hydration models is more consistent with the observed spectra. In addition, the wavelengths and dipole and rotational strengths for chiral camphor, camphorquinone, anionic CSA, and the hydration models were calculated by time-dependent DFT. In the region of 280-300 nm, the calculated wavelengths of the ECD bands for chiral camphor and camphorquinone coincide with the observed wavelengths that have been reported, and the calculated wavelengths for the hydration models are closer to the observed wavelengths reported than are those calculated for chiral anionic CSA Consequently, the analysis combined with VCD and ECD spectroscopy using DFT calculations can elucidate the chirality of optically active molecules, even in an aqueous solution.
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