- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
At present in large urbanized areas, the use of underground space (e.g. for basements of buildings) has been increasing in relation to the use of high-rise buildings. However, very few underground structures are designed for staying in comfortably. One of the reasons why there are very few such underground structures is that there is a tendency to keep the construction costs as low as possible. Because there are some relations between the interior design and the construction costs, the authors carried out two kinds of surveys with questionnaires and then analyzed these results to estimate the willingness of people to pay (WTP) for renovating the view or scenery in. underground spaces. The value of the interior environment in, underground spaces was assessed through the investigation of subway stations in Nagoya City, Japan. The authors also estimated the value of the exterior environment in residential areas in Hakodate City, Nagoya City, Kyoto City and Kobe City, Japan, in. terms of willingness to pay to preserve the view around the residential areas. The results of both surveys show that the use of underground space is an option for preserving a good view from the surface, (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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