- AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOC
Ward-Takahashi relations for spin symmetry SU(2)(S) and pseudospin symmetry SU(2)(C) are derived for the simple Hubbard model in arbitrary dimensions. For this purpose we generally discuss local SO(4) symmetry in terms of Clifford algebra, and employ a gauge transformed form of the original Hubbard Hamiltonian, which makes the Ward-Takahashi relations much simpler. Derived Ward-Takahashi relations are rewritten as the relations between self-energy and vertex part to discuss spontaneously broken symmetry and Fermi liquid property of the system for zero temperature magnetism.
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