論文

査読有り 国際誌
2020年1月

Aquabacterium pictum sp. nov., the first aerobic bacteriochlorophyll a-containing fresh water bacterium in the genus Aquabacterium of the class Betaproteobacteria.

International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
  • Setsuko Hirose
  • ,
  • Marcus Tank
  • ,
  • Eri Hara
  • ,
  • Hideyuki Tamaki
  • ,
  • Koji Mori
  • ,
  • Shinichi Takaichi
  • ,
  • Shin Haruta
  • ,
  • Satoshi Hanada

70
1
開始ページ
596
終了ページ
603
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1099/ijsem.0.003798

A strictly aerobic, bacteriochlorophyll a-containing betaproteobacterium, designated strain W35T, was isolated from a biofilm sampled at Tama River in Japan. The non-motile and rod-shaped cells formed pink-beige pigmented colonies on agar plates containing organic compounds, and showed an in vivo absorption maximum at 871 nm in the near-infrared region, typical for the presence of bacteriochlorophyll a. The new bacterial strain is Gram-negative, and oxidase- and catalase-positive. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain W35T was closely related to species in the genus Aquabacterium. The closest phylogenetic relatives of strain W35T were Aquabacterium commune B8T (97.9 % sequence similarity), Aquabacterium citratiphilum B4T (97.2 %) and Aquabacterium limnoticum ABP-4T (97.0 %). The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 1ω7c (50.4 %), C16 : 0 (22.7 %), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c; 9.7 %), C18 : 3ω6c (5.5 %), C12 : 0 (5.3 %) and C10 : 0 3OH (2.7 %). The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8. Predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 70.4 mol% (genome data) and 71.4 mol% (HPLC). The genome size of strain W35T is 6.1 Mbp and average nucleotide identity analysis indicated genome similarities of strain W35T and related Aquabacterium type strains to be 78-79 %. The results of polyphasic comparisons showed that strain W35T was clearly distinguishable from other members of the genus Aquabacterium. Therefore, we propose a new species in the genus Aquabacterium, namely, Aquabacterium pictum sp. nov. The type strain is W35T (=DSM 106757T=NBRC 111963T). The description of the genus Aquabacterium is also emended.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.003798
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31622237

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