論文

査読有り
2017年10月

Pre-fracture nutritional status is predictive of functional status at discharge during the acute phase with hip fracture patients: A multicenter prospective cohort study

CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • Tatsuro Inoue
  • ,
  • Syogo Misu
  • ,
  • Toshiaki Tanaka
  • ,
  • Hiroki Sakamoto
  • ,
  • Kentaro Iwata
  • ,
  • Yuki Chuman
  • ,
  • Rei Ono

36
5
開始ページ
1320
終了ページ
1325
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.clnu.2016.08.021
出版者・発行元
CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE

Background & aims: Malnutrition is common in patients with hip fractures, and elderly patients with hip fractures lose functional independence and often fail to recover previous functional status. The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-fracture nutritional status predicts functional status of patients with hip fracture at discharge from acute hospitals.
Methods: In the present multicenter prospective cohort study, pre-fracture nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF). At discharge from acute hospitals, functional status was evaluated using a functional independent measurement instrument (FIM). Subsequently, multiple regression analyses were performed using FIM as the dependent variable and MNA- SF as the independent variable.
Results: Among the 204 patients analyzed in the present study, the mean length of hospital stay was 26.2 +/- 12.6 days, and according to MNA-SF assessments, 51 (25.0%) patients were malnourished, 98 (48.0%) were at risk of malnutrition, and 55 (27.0%) were well-nourished before fracture. At discharge, FIM scores were higher in patients who were well-nourished than in those who were malnourished or were at risk of malnutrition (p < 0.01). After adjustment for confounding factors, multiple regression analyses showed that MNA-SF was a significant independent predictor for FIM at discharge (well-nourished vs. malnourished, beta = -0.86, p < 0.01).
Conclusions: Pre-fracture nutritional status was a significant independent predictor for functional status at discharge during the acute phase, warranting early assessment of nutritional status and early intervention for successful postoperative rehabilitation. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 18

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2016.08.021
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27612921
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000411544200017&DestApp=WOS_CPL

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