- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident has resulted in the contamination of the environment in Gunma Prefecture with radioisotope cesium(radio-Cs, Cs-134 and Cs-137). Concentrations of radio-Cs > 500 Bq kg(-1) were found in wakasagi (Hypomesus nipponensis) in Lake Onuma at the top of Mount (Mt.) Akagi in August 2011. To explain the mechanism of this contamination, monitoring studies have been conducted around Lake Onuma by measuring radio-Cs concentrations in samples of fish, aquatic plants, plankton, lake water, lake sediments, and surrounding soil. The leachability of radio-Cs was evaluated using sequential extraction by Tessier et al. The total concentration of radio-Cs in Lake Onuma ecosystems decreased gradually with time. In the brown forest soil, radio-Cs concentrations of 2000 to 6000 Bq kg(-1) were detected. The abundance ratio of the easy-elution form(exchangeable and carbonate forms) in the samples was <10%. The concentrations in phytoplankton samples were 3-6 times higher than those in wakasagi samples. The ratios of easy-elution forms increased by the rank in the food chain; 37% in phytoplankton, 78% in zooplankton, and 97% in wakasagi. It is likely that the lower ratio of the easy-elution form in phytoplankton is related to the adsorption of radio-Cs on suspended substances in the lake, as suggested by the analyses of aluminum and titanium in the phytoplankton, zooplankton, and wakasagi samples. The high concentrations of radio-Cs in wakasagi would be related also to the characteristics of closed mountain lakes. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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