論文

査読有り
2013年1月

In vivo imaging and quantitative monitoring of autophagic flux in tobacco BY-2 cells

Plant Signaling and Behavior
  • Shigeru Hanamata
  • ,
  • Takamitsu Kurusu
  • ,
  • Masaaki Okada
  • ,
  • Akiko Suda
  • ,
  • Koki Kawamura
  • ,
  • Emi Tsukada
  • ,
  • Kazuyuki Kuchitsu

8
1
開始ページ
53
終了ページ
63
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.4161/psb.22510

Autophagy has been shown to play essential roles in the growth, development and survival of eukaryotic cells. However, simple methods for quantification and visualization of autophagic flux remain to be developed in living plant cells. Here, we analyzed the autophagic flux in transgenic tobacco BY-2 cell lines expressing fluorescence-tagged NtATG8a as a marker for autophagosome formation. Under sucrose-starved conditions, the number of punctate signals of YFP-NtATG8a increased, and the fluorescence intensity of the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm decreased. Conversely, these changes were not observed in BY-2 cells expressing a C-terminal glycine deletion mutant of the NtATG8a protein (NtATG8aΔG). To monitor the autophagic flux more easily, we generated a transgenic BY-2 cell line expressing NtATG8a fused to a pH-sensitive fluorescent tag, a tandem fusion of the acid-insensitive RFP and the acid-sensitive YFP. In sucrose-rich conditions, both fluorescent signals were detected in the cytoplasm and only weakly in the vacuole. In contrast, under sucrose-starved conditions, the fluorescence intensity of the cytoplasm decreased, and the RFP signal clearly increased in the vacuole, corresponding to the fusion of the autophagosome to the vacuole and translocation of ATG8 from the cytoplasm to the vacuole. Moreover, we introduce a novel simple easy way to monitor the autophagic flux non-invasively by only measuring the ratio of fluorescence of RFP and YFP in the cell suspension using a fluorescent image analyzer without microscopy. The present in vivo quantitative monitoring system for the autophagic flux offers a powerful tool for determining the physiological functions and molecular mechanisms of plant autophagy induced by environmental stimuli. © 2013 Landes Bioscience.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.22510
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23123450

エクスポート
BibTeX RIS